Skin conditions can take a toll on you. Not only are they unsightly but they also cause discomfort. If you are suffering from a skin condition, you’ll need to visit a professional to diagnose the root cause of the condition and suggest an effective solution. At London Dermatology Clinic, our specialist doctors will tailor your psoriasis care to you so as to maximize the success of any treatment strategy. Our dermatologists are very experienced in the treatment of patients of all ages and the treatment of all levels of scalp psoriasis including the advanced ones.
What is Scalp Psoriasis?
Scalp Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that induces an accumulation of skin cells that impacts the scalp. Silvery-red patches that can flake, itch, crack and bleed are formed by these excess skin cells. The back of the ears, forehead, and neck may also be impacted by scalp psoriasis. Estimates suggest up to 2 to 3 percent of individuals globally are affected by psoriasis.
What Causes Scalp Psoriasis?
Dermatologists are not entirely sure about the causes of scalp psoriasis but several theories and risk factors have been suggested. For example, some experts believe psoriasis appears when the immune system of a person doesn’t function properly.
Someone with psoriasis may produce more T cells and neutrophils from certain kinds of white blood cells. The role of T cells is to migrate through the body, fighting off bacteria and viruses.
If an individual has too many T cells, they can mistakenly start attacking healthy cells and generating more skin cells and white blood cells. These cells appear on the skin where, in the event of scalp psoriasis, they cause inflammation, redness, patches, and flaking.
Triggers of Scalp Psoriasis
Psoriasis is an inflammatory disease in which antibodies are formed by the body against its own tissue. It can be made worse by certain factors, like those below. Hence knowing what makes things worse will help to keep the condition from deteriorating.
- As the skin gets dry or exposure to cold weather
- Periods of stress and anxiety have been found to make the disorder worse
- Smoking is believed to make the disease worse
- Skin infections can also make the symptoms worse
Symptoms of Scalp Psoriasis
Symptoms can vary from mild to severe and include the following:
- Dryness of the skin
- Flaking, which looks like dandruff
- Burning, scratching, or pain
- Raised reddish patches
- Silvery-like scales
- Psoriasis causes hair loss or bleeding from scratching or scraping plaques on the scalp
Typically, these signs of scalp psoriasis occur consistently on both sides of the scalp or can affect much of the head. They can also extend to the following:
- Certain parts of the face
How do we Treat Scalp Psoriasis?
It is commonly believed that scalp psoriasis contributes to hair loss and based on its severity and location the treatment for scalp psoriasis varies. In general, our treatments for psoriasis in the head , neck, and face are milder than those used in other areas of the body.
Anecdotal evidence exists that some home psoriasis treatments can help reduce the symptoms of scalp psoriasis. Often patients will use a combination with traditional medical therapies. We are unable to comment on the efficacy of such treatments or make specific recommendations.
Many forms of psoriasis exist, ranging from mild to severe. Scalp psoriasis, which is the most common kind, is a type of plaque psoriasis. Silvery-red, scaly spots, known as plaques, are caused by this and can affect any part of the body. The most common form of psoriasis that affects the head, face, or neck is plaque psoriasis.
Are There any Topical Treatments Available for Treating Psoriasis?
Due to its anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory actions, and its potent anti-pruritic effects, coal tar has been used as a remedy for psoriasis for many decades.
Acid salicylic acid
Salicylic acid has a strong keratolytic effect of 5 percent-10 percent. In general, salicylic acid is formulated in an ointment or mineral oil and applied to reduce the hyperkeratotic scale characteristic of plaque psoriasis for a prolonged time.
Dithranol, one of the oldest medicines used for the treatment of psoriasis, acts by inducing the formation of free radicals, thereby inhibiting many aspects of psoriasis pathogenesis.
Corticosteroids have demonstrated the greatest effectiveness in clinical trials for scalp psoriasis of all the topical medications available, and are the most widely prescribed treatment. In randomized controlled trials, the most effective topical treatment for scalp psoriasis has been shown to be very-potent steroids in different formulations.
The foam or mousse vehicle has become popular with many patients, in addition to sprays and shampoos. In the treatment of scalp psoriasis, foam application has also been found to be highly successful.
If there are a few places where you have moderate scalp psoriasis, some clinicians may consider directly injecting steroids into those areas. Phototherapy with a laser or non-laser light source can help if your symptoms don’t respond to topical treatments.
Although there is no cure, certain medications will assist with symptoms, and help reduce the discomfort from flare-ups. It is important to seek treatment, as this may reduce the risk of further complications such as hair loss or cracking and bleeding of the skin on the scalp. If you wish to discuss your condition and treatment options then book a consultation with us today!